This paper was presented at
Psychology: The Indian Contribution
National Conference on
Indian Psychology, Yoga and Consciousness
organised by the Indian Council of Philosophical Research
at the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education
Pondicherry, India, 10-13 December 2004

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Yoga, meditation and education: A way of character building

Ayushman Goswami — Regional Institute of Education, Bhubaneswar.

Yoga in the Indian intellectual tradition has been discussed from different perspectives in the different schools of thought. Having major differences in metaphysics, epistemology and rituals, the various schools of thought unanimously accepted the importance of Yoga and meditation in their system, which can be understood as the unique and universal experience of spiritual masters. In India, two forms of Yoga have been accepted widely. One comes from the Gita in the form of Karmayoga, Bhaktiyoga and Jnanayoga, and which provides new dimensions to Indian philosophy. The second was given by Patanjali in the form of the Yoga Sutras. This paper deals with the Gita’s perspective on Yoga in relation to improving the quality of education, methods of teaching, and morale of teachers. New definitions of Karmayoga, Bhaktiyoga, and Jnanayoga have been offered in the paper, keeping in view education and its aims. Nowadays, our teachers and students are facing a lot of problems in their personal, educational and social life. Here, Yoga can help them in reducing frustration, dissatisfaction, tension, etc. Meditation can help them in experiencing inner happiness and in building up their self-confidence. Therefore Yoga and meditation should be made a compulsory part of education.

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