This paper was presented at
Psychology: The Indian Contribution
National Conference on
Indian Psychology, Yoga and Consciousness
organised by the Indian Council of Philosophical Research
at the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education
Pondicherry, India, 10-13 December 2004

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Liberation and transformation through yoga

Prayga Sahay & Vijendra Sahai — Kanpur.

Purification of the mind and mental discipline is the rock bottom foundation of yoga. When this is affected, longing for liberation dawns by itself. A person sincerely pursuing the path of yoga starts feeling transformation of the lower nature, viz - prana, emotions, mind, intellect etc. Mind is the cause of bondage but it can also be instrumental in the liberation of man. It is liberation when the mind is not attached to any object or sense organ. We have created our own bondage through our desires, attachments, egoism and cravings. Freedom is in detachment, in desirelessness, in mindlessness. Real freedom is merging with the Absolute. Freedom is liberation from the thraldom of mind and matter. On this side is matter. On the other side is pure Spirit. Mind forms a bridge between the two. Mumukshatva is intense desire for liberation. If one is equipped with three qualifications, viz. - vivek, vairagya and shad sampat, mumukshatva will come by itself. The mind moves towards the source of its own accord. Yoga is a long and patient journey. It is a means to reach the state of liberation, that is moksha. Freedom from kleshas or afflictions is jlvanmukti. It is freedom from ignorance and freedom from confusion. There are three essential conditions of what Sri Aurobindo calls the triple transformation of the soul’s complete emergence. The liberation of the individual soul is, therefore, the primary divine necessity.

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